Wiki

How to care for an orchid and make it thrive all year long

Orchids are one of the most common houseplants because they are perfect for brightening the decor of our home. But they are often notorious for being too fragile to survive long-term. With over 22,000 orchid species, caring for orchids can seem challenging.

However, with proper care and attention, caring for orchids is not that difficult. In fact, if you keep a healthy orchid in the right conditions, it will bloom for months and look beautiful. So before you give up your precious orchids, here are five tips to help you care for them and keep them blooming year-round.

If you have other exhausted houseplants, try these 5 tips before it’s too late, or learn how to care for succulents.

How to Care for Orchids

watering orchids

Watering the orchid (Image credit: Shutterstock)

1. Moderate watering — Most orchids don’t need a lot of water and only need to be watered once a week. Do not pour the water directly on the plant, but on the roots under the leaves. Avoid overwatering, as this can cause root rot, which can kill the plant. You can also use a pot with drainage holes to allow excess water to drain from the pot, with a saucer or drip tray underneath to catch it.

One way to check watering is to stick your finger an inch into the pot. If the mixture is dry, it needs water, otherwise leave it alone. If you want something more accurate, you can invest in a soil moisture meter like this XLUX Soil Moisture Meter ($12). Amazon

tilt: Water the orchid with small or medium ice cubes. Ice cubes prevent excess moisture, improve absorption and prevent spoilage.

orchids on windowsill

Orchids on the windowsill (Image credit: Shutterstock)

two. Place orchids on a bright windowsill — Orchids generally thrive in bright but indirect light. If possible, place them near a south- or east-facing window to ensure they get the right amount and intensity of sunlight. It is recommended that orchids receive at least six hours of indirect sunlight or bright shade each day. Likewise, orchids do best in moderate temperatures and die if they get too cold.

tilt: Never place orchids in direct sunlight as they will burn in the sun. Also keep away from cold winds and keep a constant temperature at all times.

orchid spray

Mist of Orchids (Image credit: Shutterstock)

3. Everyday fog orchid — Orchids thrive in 40-60% humidity. Spray your orchids regularly with a fine-mist spray bottle, up to twice a day, depending on where the plants are in your home. Other ways to increase humidity are to place a water-filled saucer or a container with pebbles under the plants to help the water evaporate. Or you can always buy a humidifier to put next to the orchid. Lack of moisture or insufficient misting can cause flowers to drop, stunted growth, or brown leaves.

tilt: Avoid tap water and use distilled or boiled water in the kettle. Tap water often contains impurities that can affect orchid growth.

pruning orchids

Trimming orchids (Image credit: Shutterstock)

Four. cut dead stems — Trim or cut off the brown stems as soon as the flowers die to encourage new growth. Orchids usually don’t bloom more than once on the same stem (Phalaenopsis or Phalaenopsis is an exception). Start by cutting the stem just above the node where the first flower has already bloomed. This should encourage new shoots or sprouts to grow, producing more beautiful flowers for your next cycle. Also, cut off any speckled brown or diseased leaves.

If you want more pruning tips, read How to prune roses and when? either How to prune hydrangeas?

tilt: When trimming, always cut diagonally at a 45-degree angle to allow more surface area. Also, be sure to sterilize garden tools after cutting through infected plant tissue. This prevents the spread of more germs and diseases.

Fertilize orchids

Fertilizing the orchid (Image credit: Shutterstock)

5. Fertilize orchids once a month — Mix a “balanced” liquid fertilizer, such as 10-10-10 or 20-20-20, and feed the orchids as they bloom. This will give it all the proper nutrients it needs to thrive. You can buy all orchid foods at garden centers, but be sure to check the directions for use before using them.

tilt: After fertilizing, wait a few days before watering the orchid or the nutrients in the water will be lost.

When to Transplant Orchids?

transplant orchids

Replanting orchids (Image credit: Shutterstock)

If you notice that your orchid suddenly stops blooming, but has all the right growing conditions, it may need transplanting. Replant with a fresh orchid mix that contains special nutrients to promote healthy drainage and airflow.

Remember that orchids will not grow in soil as it will clog the roots and kill them, so never mix the soil and always choose an orchid mix.


Looking for more gardening tips? Check out our 5 things guide to getting your garden ready for spring. If you have allergies, you need to know how to get rid of dust mites quickly. While you can clean your humidifier with vinegar, here are 7 things you should never clean with vinegar.

Content

How to care for an orchid and make it thrive all year long

Orchids are one of the most common houseplants, as they’re great at brightening up our home décor. But they often have a reputation for being too delicate to keep alive for long. Considering there are more than 22,000 species of orchids, knowing how to care for an orchid can seem a little challenging. 
However, with the proper care and attention, learning how to care for an orchid is actually not that hard. In fact, if you keep an orchid healthy in the right conditions, it will continue to bloom for months and look beautiful. So before you give up on your precious orchid, here are five tips on how to care for an orchid and make it thrive all year long. 
If you have other houseplants that have seen their last days, try these 5 tips to save a dying plant before it’s too late or learn how to care for succulents. 
How to care for an orchid 

Watering an orchid (Image credit: Shutterstock)
1. Water moderately — Most orchids don’t need much watering and will only require water once a week. Don’t pour water directly onto the plant but into the roots underneath the leaves. Avoid overwatering, as this is will lead to root rot, which will cause the plant to die. In addition, use pots with drainage holes to allow excess water to run out of the pot, with a saucer or drip tray underneath to catch it. 
One way to check for watering is by poking your finger about an inch (2.5cm) into the pot. If the mix is dry, it needs water, otherwise, leave it alone. If you want something more precise, you can invest in a soil moisture meter like this XLUX Soil Moisture Meter ($12, Amazon). 
TIP: Use small or medium sized ice cubes to water orchids. Ice cubes will avoid overwatering, improve absorption and avoid rot.   

Orchids on windowsill (Image credit: Shutterstock)
2.  Place your orchid on a bright windowsill — Typically, orchids thrive in bright, but indirect light. If possible, place them near a south- or east-facing window to ensure they get the right amount and intensity of sunlight. It’s recommended that orchids should get at least six hours of indirect sunlight or bright shade a day. Similarly, orchids do best in moderate temperatures, and will die if they get too cold.
TIP: Never place orchids in direct sunlight as they will literally get sunburnt. Similarly, keep away from cold drafts and always maintain a constant temperature.  

Misting orchids (Image credit: Shutterstock)
3. Mist orchids daily  —  Orchids do well in environments with 40-60% humidity. Spray an orchid regularly with a fine mist spray bottle up to two times a day depending on where the plant is located in your home. Other ways to increase humidity is to place a water-filled saucer or tray of pebbles beneath plants to help water evaporation. Or you can always buy a humidifier to place beside your orchids. Lack of humidity or insufficient misting can lead to falling flowers, stunted growth or brown-tipped leaves.
TIP: Avoid using tap water, and use either distilled or water boiled in the kettle. Typically, tap water contains impurities that will affect the growth of the orchid. 

Pruning orchid (Image credit: Shutterstock)
4. Cut back the dead stems — Prune or cut off brown stems once the flowers have died to encourage new shoots. Generally, orchids do not flower more than once on the same stem (the moth orchid or the Phalaenopsis are an exception). First, trim the stem just above the node where the first flower has bloomed. This should encourage a new shoot or shoots to grow to have more beautiful flowers for its next cycle. In addition, cut away any brown or diseased leaves that have spots on them.  
If you want to know more pruning tips, you can read how to prune roses and when to do it or how to prune hydrangeas.
TIP: When you’re pruning, always cut diagonally in a 45-degree angle to allow for greater surface area. Also, make sure you disinfect gardening tools after cutting away infected plant tissue. This will prevent the transfer of further germs and disease. 

Fertilizing an orchid (Image credit: Shutterstock)
5. Fertilize the orchids once a month — Mix a ‘balanced’ liquid fertilizer, such as 10-10-10 or 20-20-20 to feed your orchids while they are flowering. This will provide all the right nutrients it needs to thrive. You can buy any orchid plant food from your gardening center, but always check the instructions before use. 
TIP: Wait a few days to water your orchid after using a fertilizer, or else the nutrients will end up lost in the water.  
When do you repot your orchid? 

Repotting an orchid (Image credit: Shutterstock)
If you notice your orchid has suddenly stopped blooming but has all the right conditions to thrive, this means it may need repotting. Repot in a fresh orchid mix that contains special nutrients to promote healthy drainage and airflow. 
Remember that orchids do not grow in dirt as it will smother their roots and kill it, so never mix soil and always go for an orchid mix. 
Looking for more gardening tips? Check out our guide on 5 things to get your garden ready for spring. If you have allergies, you’ll need to know how to get rid of dust mites quickly. And, while you can use vinegar to clean your humidifier, here are 7 things you should never clean with vinegar.

#care #orchid #thrive #year #long

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai. Các trường bắt buộc được đánh dấu *

Back to top button